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Salem High School Website

Ms. Carney's Global Studies Website: Global Curriculum and Resources

Global Studies Learning Targets

Emergence of Modern Europe 

Compelling Question: How did developments in science, culture, politics, and religion influence Europe during the Renaissance, Reformation, Age of Exploration and Scientific Revolution?

Expected Learner Outcomes: 

  • Students will explain how changes in European thought (e.g., Humanism, Protest Reformation and the Scientific Revolution) affected European society in the 16th to 18th centuries. 

  • Students will describe political and religious origins of the Protestant Reformation and its effects on European society, including. the reasons for the growing discontent with the Catholic Church; the main ideas of Martin Luther and John Calvin; the spread of Protestantism across Europe, and the formation of the Anglican Church. 

  • Students will identify the role that the Protestant Reformation played on the shifting political power. 

  • Students will explain the political, economic, technological, and social motivations for European nations to explore the Americas, and how overseas expansion led to the growth of commerce and development of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. 

  • Students will identify the major economic, political, and social effects of the European colonial period in South and Central America, including the major decline in population due to disease and warfare, the enslavement of indigenous peoples, and the impact of Christian missionaries on existing religious and social structures. 

  • Students will summarize how the Scientific Revolution and the scientific method led to new theories of the universe and describe the accomplishments of leading figures of the Scientific Revolution, including Bacon, Copernicus, Descartes, Galileo, Kepler, and Newton.

Age of Enlightenment and Political Revolutions 

Compelling Question: In what ways was the Enlightenment a break with the past? Was the French Revolution successful?

Expected Learner Outcomes: 

  • Students will describe the growing consolidation of political power in Europe from 1500 to 1800 as manifested in the rise of nation states ruled by monarchs.
  • Students will analyze how the Enlightenment was a shift from prior thinking about society and how it challenged existing political, economic, social, and religious structures in Europe.
  • Students will identify the origins and the ideals of the Enlightenment, such as happiness, reason, progress, liberty, and nature, and how intellectuals of the movement exemplified these ideals in their work.
  • Students will evaluate how the cumulative political, economic, and intellectual developments in Europe of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries affected European societies.
  • Students will identify what were the social, economic, and political issues that led to the French Revolution?
  • Students will trace the path of the French revolution through the moderate and Radical Phase
  • Students will identify and evaluate the changes Napoleon brought to post-revolution France, Europe, and beyond. Evaluate the internal factors (class conflicts, population growth, etc.) and or external factors which best explain the development of the Haitian Revolution and other Latin American revolutions. 
  • Students will examine the similarities and differences between the French Revolution and Haitian Revolution. 

Seeds of Change 

Compelling Question: Did the benefits of innovation outweigh the costs? What factors led to European imperial ambitions?

Expected Learner Outcomes: 

  • Students will analyze how the Industrial Revolution gave rise to new social, political, and economic philosophies such as feminism, socialism and communism, including ideas and influence of Adam Smith and Karl Marx.
  • Students will analyze the economic, political, social, and technological factors that led to the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions.
  • Students will evaluate the historical circumstances and geographic context which led to the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain.
  • Students will identify how innovations during the Industrial Revolution changed life in Great Britain in the 19th century.
  • Students will evaluate the economic and social impact of the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions in England, including population growth and the migration of workers from rural areas to new industrial cities, the emergence of a large middle class, the growing inequity in wealth distribution, the environmental impact of industrialization, and the harsh working and living conditions for the urban poor. 
  • Students will analyze how the Industrial Revolution gave rise to new social, political, and economic philosophies such as feminism, socialism and communism, including ideas and influence of Adam Smith and Karl Marx.
  • Students will describe the causes and types of 19th century European global imperialism
  • Students will investigate one example of resistance in Africa (Zulu, Ethiopia, or Southern Egypt/Sudan) and one in China (Taiping Rebellion or Boxer Rebellion and the role of Empress Dowager CiXi).
  • Students will investigate the social, political, and economic impacts of industrialization in Victorian England and Meiji Japan and compare and contrast them.
  • Students will analyze the impact of Western imperialism in Asia and Africa.

Global Conflict and its Aftermath 

Compelling Question: How did the conflicts and peace of the early 20th century, lead to the conflicts of the second half of the 20th century?

Expected Learner Outcomes:

  • Students will analyze the factors that led to the outbreak of World War I (e.g., the emergence of Germany as a great power, the rise of nationalism and weakening of multinational empires, industrial and colonial competition, militarism, and Europe’s complex alliance systems. 
  • Students will evaluate the ways in which World War I was a total war and its impact on the warring countries and beyond.
  • Students will analyze the political, social, economic, and cultural developments following World War I. 
  • Students will evaluate the negotiation of the Treaty of Versailles and how the treaty did or did not address the various issues caused by World War I. Clarification Statement: Students may address this standard by comparing and contrasting the Paris Peace Conference and the Congress of Vienna.
  • Students will analyze later developments in Russian history, including the creation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1922, the New Economic Plan (NEP) and the creation of a Soviet economy, artistic and cultural experimentation, the death of Lenin and the cult of his personality, and the power struggle that resulted in Stalin’s leadership. 
  • Students will identify the various causes and consequences of the global economic collapse of the 1930s and evaluate how governments responded to the effects of the Great Depression.
  • Students will identify the characteristics of fascism and totalitarianism as exhibited in the rise of the authoritarian regimes in Italy, Germany, and the Soviet Union during the 1920s and 1930s.Students should be able to compare and contrast fascism, totalitarianism, and liberal democracy and the ideas of Mussolini, Hitler, and Stalin.
  • Students will evaluate the economic, social, and political conditions that allowed the rise of Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin in their respective countries, and how each dictator repressed dissention and persecuted minorities. 

Unresolved Global Conflict 

Compelling Question: How did the cooperation between nations during WWII lead to the competition of the Cold War?

Expected Learner Outcomes: 

  • Students will Analyze the aggression of Germany, Italy, and Japan in the 1930s and early 1940s and the lack of response by the League of Nations and Western democracies. 
  • Students will analyze the effects of one of the battles of World War II on the outcome of the war and the countries involved.
  • Students will identify the goals, leadership, strategies, and post-war plans of the Allied leaders (i.e., Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin) and how wartime diplomacy affected the outcome of the war and the emergence of the Cold War.
  • Students will describe the Holocaust, including its roots in Christian anti-Semitism, 19th century ideas about race and nation, and the Nazi dehumanization and planned extermination of the Jews and persecution of LGBT and Gypsy/Roma people.
  • Students will analyze the decision of the United States to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in order to bring the war with Japan to a swift conclusion and its impact on relations with the Soviet Union
  • Students will evaluate the global political, economic, and social consequences of World War II.

Decolonization and Modern Nationalism 

Compelling Question: What impact did post World War II nationalist movements have on the world?